The largest chemical weapon attack in history occurred on 16th March, 1988 in the Kurdish town of Halabja.
The chemical attack on Halabja was part of a wider “ethnic cleansing” campaign known as “Anfal” perpetrated by Saddam and his cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid, also known as “chemical Ali” for his prominent role in the chemical massacre in Halabja and the Kurdish genocide.
During the Kurdish genocide more than 200,000 Kurds fell victim of the perfectly orchestrated systematic genocidal attack perpetrated by Saddam and the Ba’athist party of Iraq. More than 10,000 Kurds alone were killed in the largest chemical attack carried out on civilian populated area in history in the town of Halabja, victims were primarily women, children and the elderly as the Kurdish peshmerga’s (Freedom fighters) were mainly absent in the area, (figure includes aftermath of the chemical attack, where many later withered away with the deadly and cancerous effect of the attack, the chemical attack killed over 6,000 Kurds immediately, under 5 minutes). The effect of the chemical attack is still prevalent in the Kurdish town of Halabja today, medical difficulties from the chemical attacks include lung damage, blindness, skin disorders, fertility and reproductive disorders, congenital defects and cancer. The attack is reported to have included nerve agents, Tabun, Sarin and mustard gas.
“I have been in pain for 25 years, because of my eyes and some breathing problems. I wish I had died the day of the attack”- survivor
“Your men have gone to hell”.
- Iraqi soldier to a survivor of the attack on Qaranaw village, Fourth Anfal, May 1988